Thematic Areas

PVA - Vulnerability Analysis

PVA 2 - Carry out scoping & preparation

PVA 2 - Carry out scoping & preparation


To establish the focus of the PVA, consult the communities and other key actors.

  1. Is PVA needed/useful?
    • Preliminary scoping of hazards and threats.
    • What puts people at risk? What are the community’s priorities?
    • Would a PVA help?
  2. Who should be involved?
    • Stakeholder mapping. Which actors can reduce vulnerability?
    • Who is increasing it?
    • Who is willing to be engaged?
    • Who should be involved?
    • What should they do?
    • At what stage should they do it?
  3. Information gathering
    • What traditional knowledge, expertise and practices do the community and other stakeholders already have? These are often unwritten, but can be collected and shared.
    • What other existing information should be used or verified in the PVA process?
    • What policies or laws are already in place?
    • Would the PVA process benefit from external experience or expertise?


To identify and train a PVA team, deliver a clear briefing on PVA to other participants, outline what is expected from them, schedule and plan meetings and activities, and sort out logistics.

  1. Learn from previous work
    • Look at previous PVAs.
    • How were they organised? What should be copied? What should be avoided?
  2. Engage with key actors
    • Inform communities and other relevant stakeholders about the PVA.
    • Confirm that they are interested in taking part.
  3. Prepare terms of reference
    • Set up clear TORs for the PVA and share them with participants.
  4. Set up a PVA core team
    • Build the PVA team.
    • Identify a facilitator.
  5. Set activity programme
    • Organise PVA training.
    • Set dates for training sessions and analysis sessions with the community.
    • Set up PVA workshops with district / provincial / national stakeholders.
  6. Work on logistics
    • Prepare for the training. Organise transport and lodging within the community.
  7. Train the core team



Here you can download some useful resources.

Tools in this toolbox

Chapatti diagram

To explore relationships between things – particularly the relative importance, influence or power of people, organisations or gr…

Seasonal calendar

To help participants to analyse the distribution of agricultural work / crops / illnesses / etc. over the year.Cross referencing …

Social map

This is a bird’s eye view of a village that shows the demographic details and the social infrastructure available for the people …