AoA - Gender analysis

Gender analysis involves exploring the relationships between men and women and identifying the division of labour, productive and reproductive roles, unpaid care, economic status, decision-making power, patterns of violence, and harmful practices that violate rights.

Participatory tools for gender analysis

  • Daily activity chartA daily activity chart can be used to look at the daily chores of men and women, and boys and girls.
  • Access and control matrixAn access and control matrix can be used to look at who has access to, control over and use of different resources and who is denied access, etc.
  • Body mapA body map can be used to analyse issues relating to health, sexuality etc.

Key questions for gender analysis

  • What is the division of labour between men and women in respect of productive, reproductive and social roles?
  • What violations do women experience in the private space (household), public space (community etc.) and what is the impact of this on women’s self-perception?
  • What values and beliefs underpin women rights violations and which values (laws, traditional & religious norms and practices) could be taken advantage of by actors to help promote women rights? 
  • Which institutions and actors are custodians of culture and tradition? What is their position on women’s rights?
  • Is there a difference between women’s and men’s access to and control over different resources?
  • Are there differences in women’s levels of awareness / capacity / organisation / education that affect their ability to demand and secure their rights?
  • Do powerful institutions (and allies) treat women differently from men?
  • How are women are perceived in the community and how do they perceive themselves and their aspirations?
  • Based on your analysis, what needs to change for women to enjoy their rights?



Here you can download some useful resources.

Tools in this toolbox

Access and control matrix

To analyse who has the power to access and control different resources and who is denied this.The Access and Control Matrix encou…

Activity mapping

To explore the different activities that women and men do each day and how these contribute to the local economy.The tool asks pa…

Body map

To explore issues around health and sexuality, women’s rights and violence against women.Steps in the processDraw the outline of …

Body map - power within and power to

To facilitate critical analysis about shifts in ‘power within and power to’ with a focus on sensitive subjects such as sexual aut…

Care sharing square

To help identify actors that can support and share an individual's care work.The tool helps to introduce the idea that care is a …

Cobweb for rights analysis

To help understand the rights situation and of different groups in a community.In the example below the focus is on women's right…

Daily activity chart

To help participants to analyse how their time is used each day.The processDraw a daily timetable from sunrise to sunset.Ask part…

Helping relationship spiderweb

To explore the web of people and organisations that can support a person in a difficult situation and to identify what makes a he…


To present local information, problems and opportunities in a clear, visual way. A basic map of a local area can be overlaid with…

Power line

To help participants explore the unequal distribution of power amongst people.  It can evoke many negative emotions among partici…