Thematic Areas

M&E - Measuring Power Shifts

UPS - Levels of power: local, national, international

UPS - Levels of power: local, national, international

Power can very rarely be understood in a single location, without looking at the inter-relationships between how power operates in other locations and at other levels. And increasingly there are connections that can be tracked from the very local to the international level.  

One of our major challenges is to be able to show the connections, whether we are starting from a household or community level or whether our starting point is international (in designing a multi-country programme or campaign).  

At the most simple level, whatever your starting point, it is helpful to be able to track, on the particular issue that concerns you, some examples of how power relations operate at different levels. Start at the level you are working and then try to fill in examples both down to the household level and up to the international level. You may want to add other levels where appropriate:

  • Intra-household
  • Community / neighbourhood
  • Municipality / local government
  • District / department / province
  • National
  • Sub-regional / regional
  • International



Here you can download some useful resources.

Tools in this toolbox

Chapatti diagram

To explore relationships between things – particularly the relative importance, influence or power of people, organisations or gr…

Gatekeeper tool

To identify people who can help you access duty bearers relevant to your advocacy or campaigning work.The processDraw up a table …

Kite - grounding international work

To explore how international campaigns can be grounded and linked to the local level.The tool can be used to review or evaluate a…

Peeling the onion

To uncover and facilitate a process of deeper analysis about different forms of power related to specific issue.Visible power: ob…

Ripples of change

To assess the levels of change resulting from a programme or project. A stone dropped in water creates ripples outwards. This ima…