Thematic Areas

Youth Programming

YP 5 - Youth in review and reflection

YP 5 - Youth in review and reflection

It is important that young people understand what has been the outcome of interventions that have taken place in their communities and that may have involved their participation, and are involved in monitoring and evaluation – this can help to encourage them to continue their involvement over the long term.

Why involve young people in review and reflection processes?

  • It’s an essential part of the empowerment process.
  • Involving young people in M&E means youth involved in your work are more likely to notify you when things are going off-track in the project.

Barriers to involving young people in M&E

  • Staff may feel that they do not have the right skills and knowledge needed to engage young people.
  • Staff may lack time and resources.
  • Adults may not wish to hand over control of review and reflection processes to youth.
  • Adults may not believe that young people can make a positive contribution to the field of monitoring and evaluation.
  • Young people ‘asking questions’ may not be well-received by certain sections of the community.
  • Cultural and religious barriers may prevent young women in particular from taking part.

Involving youth in review and reflection

  1. Planning your evaluation - Decide what the phases to your evaluation/review and reflection process will be. Working together with young people, decide which stages and aspects of evaluation they would be most interested in participating in. For each stage, consider what the challenges young people might face.
  2. Selecting young participants - Be clear what skills are needed for carrying out specific review and reflection activities.
  3. Assess risks and secure buy-in - Allocate time for consulting with key stakeholders if there is a likely risk of ‘backlash’ against young people conducting evaluations. Allow frank and open discussion of what stakeholder concerns are, and consider how gender norms might be behind the opposition.
  4. Training / supporting young participants - Youth will need support and/or targeted training if they are to be meaningfully involved in monitoring and evaluation. Post-training, follow-up support to enable young people to critically reflect and improve their skills is essential. Consider partnering young people with adult ‘mentors’ or ‘M&E coaches’ to provide them with support to apply new learning to everyday practice.
  5. Implementing review and reflection activities - Use a checklist at the implementation stage when you are engaging young people in M&E activities to ensure meaningful youth participation throughout the process.



Here you can download some useful resources.

Tools in this toolbox

3Ps power circles

To deepen analysis about how power relationships work at 3 different levels related to how we interact with the world: :personal …

Body map

To explore issues around health and sexuality, women’s rights and violence against women.Steps in the processDraw the outline of …


To develop or evaluate an action plan.The image of a bridge over a river (or road) is used to show the steps taken from the past …

Chapatti diagram

To explore relationships between things – particularly the relative importance, influence or power of people, organisations or gr…

Community meetings - monitoring

To enable community members and other stakeholders to meet regularly to monitor progress towards agreed goals and are able to ide…

Community power map

To map spaces of power in a clear, visual way and presenting local information, problems and opportunities. A community map can b…

Community scorecard

To help groups assess services, facilities programmes or projects run by government, NGOs or other organisations, by grading them…

Ideal future map

To discuss what the participants would like to see in their village in future and to prioritise amongst these.Steps in the proc…

Ripples of change

To assess the levels of change resulting from a programme or project. A stone dropped in water creates ripples outwards. This ima…

Role play

To analyse issues and to rehearse speaking up in new situations or on different topics. Everyone has different roles in different…

Value for money grid

To review community or organisational costs related to a particular programme intervention or project and assess value for money.…